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The Pure Blood Lusitano in Brazil

The first Lusitano Horses arrived in Brazil in 1540 by the hands of the Portuguese colonizers. They were half-breed from Garranos and Galician Ponies, coming from North Portugal, and Sorraias, from the South, starting, even though in a shy way, the history of the breed in national soil.

With the Royal Family’s arrival, centuries later, in 1808, selected animals were brought from Real Stud of Alter, among them, the Sublime breeder, that had been used in crossbreed with Creole mares, giving rise to other breeds, such as Mangalarga, Marchador and Campolina Horse.

After the Independence of Brazil, and the consequent separation of Portugal, the PSL has disappeared in Brazil, reappearing in mid XX century, thanks to the attempt to implant the bullfights in Brazil. In this period, two stallions descending from “Zapata” arrived in Brazil: Galito and Bijou. Other records happened during the 60’s, with Portuguese animals, such as Dragão, Zoonito and Completo, besides the mares Zazá and Zaragata, responsible for initiating the first Brazilian breeding of pure Lusitanos, in Teresópolis (Rio de Janeiro).

The initiative has mobilized some breeders, triggering an expansion process of the breed that culminated with the arrival, in 1972, of the unforgettable Broquel; the Grey Horse coming from Portugal National Stud, that one year after would conquer its first Grand Champion’s title, in an exhibition in Goiânia city.

Living a propitious moment, fans of the breed, leaded by Toni Pereira, founded, in 1st of December 1975, the “Associação Brasileira de Criadores de Cavalo Andaluz” (Brazilian Association of Andaluz Horse’s Breeders), recognized entity by the Ministry of Agriculture, responsible for establishing the first Brazilian Stud Book of Lusitanian and Spanish breeds. Were part of the board, the Chairman Antonio de Toledo Mendes Pereira, the secretary Enio Monte, the treasurer Asdrúbal do Nascimento Queiroz, and the Stud Book’s director, Eduardo Benedito Marchi.

In the same year, another fact would mark the path of the Lusitano Horse defenitly. At the heydays of the Cravos Revolution, when many farms were taken in Portugal, emerged the risk of losing the excellent genetic heritage of the breed, with the best lineage of the Iberian Peninsula. In this moment, Jose Monteiro from the National Stud offered to the Brazilian breeders the best of the herd, in order to save the millennial selection of the troop.

In 1991, a Reciprocity Protocol with the Portuguese Association of the Lusitan Pure Blood Breeders (APSL) was signed, making possible an exchange between the two countries, which allowed, among other things, the registration of all Brazilian born animals in the Portuguese Stud Book, besides changing the entity’s name to Associação Brasileira de Criadores do Cavalo Puro Sangue Lusitano (ABPSL).

With about 10 thousand animals, the Lusitano has recorded the expansion to other regions of the country, making itself notorious in equestrian competitions, especially in Dressage and Working Equitation where, by the way, it is the current World Champion of the modality.

The Pure Blood Lusitano has evolved increasingly in the equestrian world. Knowing that, The Stud Rogas do Vouga participates actively in the breed progress in the biggest sports competitions of the planet, proving the quality of their horses.