I – Ideal Prototype – General Features
1) TYPE: middleweight; average weight 500 kilos; medium-sized; sub-convex (rounded shape), with a square shaped silhouette.
2) HEIGHT: average height at the withers; measured with horse measure stick, at the age of 6:
- Female: 1,55m
- Male: 1,60m
3) COAT: the most appreciated are the Grey and Brown.
a) For crossbreed animals, the aforementioned coats will be accepted, and also, Ruã or Rosilha, Moura and Pampa except Albina.
4) TEMPERAMENT: noble, generous and fierce, but always gentle and obedient.
5) MOVEMENTS: agile and elevated, projecting forward, smooth and very comfortable.
6) ABILITY: natural ability to concentrate, with great propensity to equestrian exercises (combat, hunting, bullfighting, cattle handling and equestrian contests).
7) HEAD: proportional, average length, thin, with the lower jaw not too pronounced and the cheek tending to be long, slightly curved profile tending to rectilinear, forehead slightly domed (standing out between salient eyebrows), eyes above the elliptic, big and alive, expressive and confident. The ears are average size, thin and expressive.
8) NECK: medium length, arched with a narrow hairline, the junction between head and neck is narrow or fine, large base, well set in the shoulders, coming out the withers without apparent depressions.
9) WITHERS: highlighted and wide, with a smooth transition between the back and the neck, always higher than the croup.
10) CHEST: medium sized, deep and muscular.
11) RIBCAGE: well developed, long and deep, with the ribs obliquely arched into the joint with the spine, providing a short and full flank.
12) SHOULDERS: long, oblique and muscular.
13) BACK: well defined, tending horizontally, and making a smooth junction between withers and loins.
14) LOINS: short, large, muscular, slightly convex, connecting back and croup in a continuous line perfectly harmonic.
15) CROUP: strong and round, proportional, slightly oblique, length and width with identical dimensions, convex profile, harmonic, point of the hips is slightly evident, giving the croup a transverse section of elliptical shape. The tail emerges lined up with the croup, abundant, silken and long hair.
16) LEGS: forelegs are well muscled and harmoniously inclined. The upper arm straight and muscular. Skinny and large knee. Slightly long shins with apparent tendons. The fetlocks are thin, relatively large and with very little hair. The pasterns are relatively long and sloping. The hooves are of good constitution, well defined and proportioned without being too open; the line of the coronet is not very evident. The buttock is short and convex. The thigh is muscular and tends to be short, and is orientated in such a way that the patella or gaskin is in the same vertical line of the hipbone, or point of the hip. The leg is slightly long positioning the hock in the same vertical line of the point of the buttock. The hocks are large, strong and dry. The legs present relatively closed angles.
II - Flaws To Avoid
1) Excessively large head. Flat forehead and salient eyebrows above forehead. Triangular head, rough low jaw and flat muzzle with abrupt transition to the chamfer. Projected nostrils exceling from the muzzle. Wavy and concave profile. Badly inserted ears, tiny, or too close and facing each other.
2) Overly long and thin neck or short. Overly fat and and slurried, with fat accumulated placed in the upper part of the neck.
3) Overly horizontal or vertical shoulders.
4) Short or slightly evident withers.
5) Overly thin or large chest.
6) Elbows detached from the chest.
7) Cylindrical and shallow ribcage, slightly wide and thin belly.
8) Plunging back.
9) Long Loin.
10) Excessively oblique or horizontal croup, wavy or concave profile, bovine hips. Pear shaped croup or overly squared or flat, double or weak. Sacral hump prominent. High inserted tail or that elevates when the animal is excited, or fustigate with the spur.
11) Incorrect aplomb; closed hocks, overly curved; extremely long shins; irregular gap in the iliofemoral angle, with deviation of the hock to the back part vertically lined with the ischio. Fetlocks that don’t bend (which result in crow’s feet); insufficient musculature on lower leg, round knee, with little massiness, misaligned its vertical axis, tied-in below the knee. Extremely short and vertical or extremely long pasterns. Too much articulations and claw involving the hoof coronary or remounted by the tendon. The plantar surface of the hoof is convex or club foot, with flared hoof walls.
12) Greasy skin tissue, mane and tail with thick bristles, curly or not abundant.
13) Low moviments or with irregular elevation, lack of suspension time on trot (marched trot and not leaped). Gallop not tilted, four-stroke, without impulsion. Entrained gaits of the back legs delaying the hindquarters, lateral steps.
14) Irascible character, suspicious, fearful, kicker or wheezer. Bad jaw, difficulty retaking calm after violent exercises. Lack of agility, difficulty gathering up.
III - Breeders Aproval
1) Zoometric Measures: as a complement to the ideal prototype and exposed scoring system, it will be taken into consideration the following average zoometric features of the breed:
Average at 3 (three) years old
Height at the withers
- Male 1,52m
- Female 1,50m
2) To sign up the "Definitive Book": Pure Blood Lusitano Equines, subscribed in the "Temporary Book", may be subscribed as breeders since 3 (three) years old. The males will be inspected and judged by a comission set at the single paragraph of the arcticle 86, and the females, by an expert nominated by the Studbook Service.
3) Conditions for breeders's approval: The Stud Book of the Lusitano Breed will aprove as breeders:
a) Females: Simultaneously with the inspection of the "Definitive Book", will be scored by the expert according to the chart bellow:
Minimum height starting at 3 years old:
- 1,50m for Pure females
- 1,46m for Mated females
Minimum final score: 50,00 points to Pure females
50,00 points to Mated females
b) Males: The males "PO" (Pure Origin) and "PC" (Pure by Crosses) subscribed in the "Definitive Book" may be submitted for breeders's approval upon request of the owner. They will be inspected and judged by a comission according to the breed's standard and score chart bellow:
Minimum height starting at 3 years old:
1,52 for PO and PC males
c) To the assigned score, will be applied the Weight Coefficient, indicated on each item, obtained by the total sum of each equine's Final Score.
Characters - Weight Coefficient
Head and Neck - 1,0
Shoulders and Withers - 1,0
Chest - 1,0
Back and Loins - 1,5
Croup - 1,0
Members - 1,5
Set of shapes - 1,5
Gaits - 1,5
The score will obey the following nomenclature:
Perfect = 10
Excellent = 9
Very Good = 8
Good = 7
Acceptable = 6
Bad = 3 to 4
Terrible = 0 to 2
d) None of the characters from the Score Chart will be able to have a score lower then 5 (five) points.
e) Integrity of genitals, in the possibility of tests in females.
f) No congenital bone deformities (prognathism, agnatism and bad located exostoses).
g) To be subscribed in the "Temporary Book" of the Breed Record Service Pure Blood Lusitano.