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History of Lusitano Horse

The versatility of Lusitano Horse is as old as its path of almost 5.000 years. Considered the oldest riding horse of the occident, has been recruited for war, being part of the Cartago and Sparta’s army and Romans' racecourses. Product of a thousand years' selection, the Pure Blood Lusitano (PSL) has gained an empathy with the superior horse rider to any other modern breed, that today allow them to compete in almost all equestrian activities.

Extremely docile, agile and brave, the Lusitano keeps morphologic and functional characteristics of its Iberians ancestors, passing through historic periods, like Ancient Rome, Middle Ages and Renascence, without losing its natural capability described in sculptures and prints that have drawn the historians' attention.

According to many authors, the fact that has made difference between the Lusitano Horse and the Andalusian happened at the beginning of the XVII century, when the bullfights emerged in Spain, as a public rebellion to the prohibition of the Tauromachia, imposed by the King Felipe V. Following that, with less use of the Andalusian horse in bullfights, the selection of PSL gained strength and the propagation of the breed became bigger and bigger.

The official creation of a Studbook was a decisive step to the Lusitano Breed progress, establishing standards in breeding admission, giving rise to a wide and solid genealogical work, created by formed lines from certain matrix (pairing in line). Moreover, for a zootechnical process relatively fast and effective, there are clear advantages in the aspects, which concern the breeder, as in the purity and uniformity of the breed and consequently the prepotency of the breeders.

Only foals born from approved breeders and have their parenthood confirmed by mandatory tests, are registered. Such measure gives even more credibility to the Stud Book, because it makes impossible the admittance of other animal breeds. When they reach the adult life, the Lusitano horses are put to an inspection performed by a Commission of Breed Experts and, if they reach the minimum established parameter, they become part of the Breeders Book, having their children written on the same book. To this cycle, functional tests have been added.

In the last years, the Pure Blood Lusitano horse has been much sought as breeder and riding to sports and leisure, thanks to its great calibre and morphologic functional qualities, like samples from many European and American countries.